Cien organizaciones étnicas se unen para esclarecer la verdad del conflicto en el Pacífico

El objetivo será esclarecer los daños causados a los pueblos afrocolombianos, indígenas y a sus territorios.

ENCUENTRO | Octubre 30 de 2018

Un grupo de cien organizaciones étnicas en alianza con representantes de la iglesia católica de la región del Pacífico conformó la Comisión Interétnica de la Verdad con el fin de participar del proceso de esclarecimiento de los daños causados a los pueblos afrocolombianos e indígenas y a su territorio.

Leyner Palacios, líder de las víctimas de Bojayá, Chocó, Jesús Florez y el padre Jesús Albeiro Parra en representación de la Comisión Interétnica de la Verdad, ofrecieron su disposición para aportar con metodologías, suministro de información y apoyo organizativo a la Comisión de la Verdad durante su mandato.

Los asistentes a la sede de la Comisión en Bogotá, manifestaron su interés en activar diálogos pastorales para que la verdad no profundice la polarización. Afirman, que es necesario activar nuevas formas de convivencia con reconocimiento de los pueblos ancestrales.

“Queremos ponernos al servicio de las comunidades para que contribuyan al esclarecimiento de la verdad”: padre Jesús Albeiro Parra de la Diócesis de Quibdó. Este es el tercer encuentro con los comisionados, luego de acercarse en febrero y agosto, para exponer su hipótesis de trabajo y conocer las estrategias de participación y pedagogía que implementará la Comisión en su despliegue territorial.

Las comisionadas Patricia Tobón Yagarí y Ángela Salazar manifestaron que se realizarán consultas previas en el Pacífico y se tendrán en cuenta los aportes que las comunidades harán para que la “verdad sea un bien público” y responda al derecho de todas las víctimas del conflicto armado.

De esta propuesta participan en calidad de apoyo las Diócesis de Tumaco, Güapi, Buenaventura, Istmina, Tadó, Quibdó, Apartadó,la Arquidiócesis de Cali y un centenar de organizaciones étnico territoriales con representantes de todos los departamentos del Pacifico.

En los próximos días se conformará un grupo de trabajo para acordar formas de intervención en la región, documentación de los casos y propuestas de audiencias por la verdad. El comisionado Carlos Martín Beristain resaltó la importancia de contar con liderazgos como éste en el Pacifico que pueden ayudar en la preparación de los equipos de trabajo, el análisis de casos, y el apoyo de liderazgos espirituales para la estrategia psicosocial.

“Ustedes han estado desde el principio con la construcción de la paz en el Pacífico y con las víctimas; en una dimensión de profundidad, ofreciendo salidas hacia la reconciliación y haciendo valer en forma heroica el valor de las comunidades”, destacó Francisco de Roux, presidente de la Comisión de la Verdad.

Read article here.

Children in Australia’s offshore migrant center are so distraught, some have attempted suicide

Children in Australia’s offshore migrant center are so distraught, some have attempted suicide

By Siobhán O’Grady | September 20

They’ve come from as far as Iran and Afghanistan, Somalia and Myanmar.

But the children are now stuck on Nauru, a desolate island in the South Pacific that’s little more than eight miles square. They’re caught in a strict Australian immigration system that has left them stranded. Some of them have become so depressed after years of living in limbo that they have lost their will to live, those working with them say.

About 100 children live on Nauru, one of the remote islands where Australia operates offshore processing centers for migrants. They’ve been there for so long that “several children have lost all hope to the point that they are no longer speaking or eating,” Daniel Webb, director of legal advocacy at the Human Rights Law Center in Melbourne, told The Washington Post this week.

“Even some of the government’s most senior medical advisers are warning that children may die,” he said. “It’s a miracle one hasn’t died already.”

When they left home, their families were hoping to reach Australia, where many planned to apply for asylum. But in 2013, Australian authorities changed their migration policy, authorizing the detention of migrants and asylum seekers who try to reach Australia by boat. Instead of being allowed into Australia, they are placed, apparently indefinitely, on Nauru, or Manus Island, which is part of Papua New Guinea.

Once sent offshore, asylum seekers have little hope of ever reaching Australia. They don’t want to return to where they came from, but they often don’t have anywhere else to go. Devastated by extensive phosphate strip mining, about 80 percent of the island is uninhabitable with much of the marine life killed by mining runoff. The weather is hot and humid year around.

Medical and human rights professionals have said publicly that in the face of this uncertainty, a number of asylum-seeking children on Nauru have developed health problems, including a condition known as “resignation syndrome.” This dangerous medical condition has been recorded in other asylum-seeking populations, notably in Sweden. It can be brought on by trauma and stress. Those who develop the syndrome essentially stop communicating with the outside world. They struggle to eat, drink and speak. They have trouble opening their eyes, and in extreme cases, lose consciousness and can require a feeding tube. Last week, the Guardian reported that about a dozen children on Nauru are refusing food and drink.

In the past year, Webb said, more than 30 critically ill children were evacuated from detention on Nauru and taken to Australia for “urgent medical care.” But he said the Australian government has resisted such evacuations unless it is legally forced to comply. “Many of these cases have involved children who have repeatedly attempted suicide or who have become withdrawn and stopped eating or drinking,” Webb said.

Recently, a 12-year-old girl on Nauru attempted to set herself on fire, and a court ordered that a 10-year-old boy, who had tried several times to kill himself, receive treatment in Australia.

In an email, a spokesman for the Australian Department of Home Affairs said the Australian government has provided “significant support” to Nauru for health and welfare services.

“A range of care, welfare and support arrangements are in place to provide for the needs of refugee children and young people,” the spokesman said. “Service providers are contracted to provide age-appropriate health, education, recreational and cultural services.”A refugee from Somalia, who had attempted suicide, does kitchen chores at Camp Five on the Pacific island of Nauru on Sept. 2. (Mike Leyral/AFP/Getty Images) (MIKE LEYRAL/AFP/Getty Images)

But there have been increasing calls for Australia to reassess its offshore processing policy, which Australian officials have said is necessary to curb migration. On Thursday, The Guardian reported that the president of the Australian Medical Association wrote to Australia’s new prime minister, Scott Morrison, calling the physical and mental health conditions for families on Nauru “a humanitarian emergency requiring urgent intervention.”

In the letter, Tony Bartone urged the prime minister to change the country’s policy. “There are now too many credible reports concerning the effects of long-term detention and uncertainty on the physical and mental health of asylum seekers,” he wrote.

But Morrison, who previously served as immigration minister, has historically taken a tough line on migration. As the New York Times reported this month, he keeps a small model of a boat in his office. The words “I stopped these” are engraved on its side. It was a gift from a constituent. Papua New Guinea police order refugees to leave Australia-run detention center

In June, Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton warned that “a single act of compassion,” such as bringing people out of the island detention centers would fuel more migrants to board boats and try to reach Australia. “The boats haven’t gone away, and if there is a success defined by an arrival of a boat in Australia, then the word will spread like wildfire,” he told the Weekend Australian.

In Nauru, the government has suggested that children who have fallen ill are doing so at the encouragement of their parents and other adults coaching them on how to get to Australia. In an interview with Sky News in August, Nauru President Baron Waqa said children are “working the system, probably short-circuiting it, just to get to Australia.”

Medical professionals publicly pushed back against those claims. Webb insists that the scale of human suffering on Nauru is severe.

“They’ve been surrounded by misery for the last five years,” Webb said. Some of the children “have never known a day of freedom in their lives.”

Read article here.

Why are 300,000 Icelanders a nation but 30 million Nigerian Igbos are a tribe?

Why are 300,000 Icelanders a nation but 30 million Nigerian Igbos are a tribe?

By ALICE WAIRIMU NDERITU
More by this Author

Some months ago, I was buying fabric from a woman trader in Nigeria. I was offered a seat, which I took, the mark of a serious buyer.

We began discussing the types of fabric I wanted. She was bubbly, a great conversationalist. “In my other life, I am a teacher,” she said. This was her weekend job. “I am a teaching trader, not a trading teacher,” she said. “Teaching is my first love although it does not pay all the bills.”

My accent betrayed the fact that I was not local, she said, asking laughingly where I was from. “Kenya,” I said proudly.

“Oh Kenya! That is good-o. I enjoy teaching Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s books, I have also read Grace Ogot,” she said.

Our schools and universities teach Chinua Achebe, Elechi Amadi and Wole Soyinka’s books too, I said.

“Is it not such a good way to learn about the existence of diverse people, with different beliefs and opinions within Africa,” we mused, discussing our joint love for books as she sorted out the fabric.

She then hesitated, and I realised she was struggling to say something. I identified with what I imagined were her thoughts as she debated the pricing of the fabric in her mind, wondering, now that she knew I was not local, should she give me a foreigners’ or a local price? I smiled encouragingly, silently communicating, I hoped, that our connection as African sisters made me qualify for the local price.

But no, that was not it. “My question is related to something we have been discussing in the staffroom,” she said as my eyebrows lifted in surprise.

Above the hum of the generators and din of noisy calls to passing customers from neighbouring traders, she exhaled. The sentence that had been gathering momentum came out of her mouth, rushing at me with the suddenness of a flash flood: “IsyourtribeKikuyuorLuo”?

I immediately recognised the question for what it was. Our elections, which had been violent, had just ended. It is a question even we Kenyans had asked of Rwandans, “Are you Hutu or Tutsi”? Or to South Sudanese, “Are you Dinka or Nuer”? Or to Nigerians, “Are you Fulani or Berom, or are you Christian or Muslim”? Or for Somalis, “What is your clan?”

Ethnic profiling

In some instances, this could qualify as ethnic profiling. In this case, my assumption was that she believed the Luo and Kikuyu were at war with each other during the elections.

Uhuru Kenyatta, Kikuyu, Kenya’s President and Raila Odinga, Luo, former prime minister both children of our founding fathers, first president Jomo Kenyatta and first vice president Jaramogi Odinga Oginga had however recently publicly renounced their differences resulting in what is now known as the “handshake.”

It was an awkward moment; this was a topic we were never taught to talk about by parents and teachers. I didn’t want to come off sounding uninvolved, indifferent or, even worse, a victim.

Was there a middle ground? I wondered. I had taken the seat she offered and encouraged her to tell me about her life. I could not now shut down the conversation with a curt, “What do you mean by asking whether I am Kikuyu or Luo? I am a Kenyan!”

I squirmed in my seat and momentarily evaded the question by asking her; why do you use the word tribe? Because it’s the English word I was taught and I teach, she said.

I then told her that Ngugi wa Thiong’o, in Secure the Base, argues that Africa has been presented as a barbarous counterpart to Western civilisation, with the continent’s nations and communities still described as tribes, with connotations of the primitive inherent in the term. He gives an example: The 300,000 Icelanders are considered to constitute a nation but 30 million Nigerian Igbos are said to make up a tribe, which would be comic, if it did not have such tragic consequences.

Pluralism

Building up to the question the teaching trader had asked me, I told her that the research I had quoted pointed to an explanation of African politics through an ethnic lens implying expressly that our problems were intractable and written into our biological make up as “tribes.”

This thinking translated into the Luo and Kikuyu not being seen as individuals but as people belonging to a tribal world of savagery and primitive practices that are deep, natural and ancient.

“So what word should we use instead of tribe?” the perplexed teaching trader asked me, piling fabric on my lap, telling me that she had noted my preference for yellow and purple and smaller patterns in the fabrics I was choosing.

“I do not know any African who does not use the word tribe to describe themselves or who objects to being depicted as a tribesman or tribeswoman or whose culture is not defined as tribal,” she said.

“Yet now, after listening to you, I do not know why we describe ourselves that way. When you first began to tell me about it, I thought you were trying to be politically correct. But now I too wonder. How is it that only some people in the world belong to tribes and others do not? This is an interesting question I will raise in the staffroom,” she added.

Nationality, ethnic community or group, would do, I told her. We were now walking towards the road as she escorted me to the taxi, my purchases, which she had assured me were for a local price, balanced on her head.

“But why do you, as an African, think that the term ethnic group as a replacement for tribe is good?” The teaching trader asked me.

“Because it embraces a pluralistic definition that accepts that we are all different types of people, who have different beliefs and opinions, yet live within the same society. Pluralism is also the belief that the existence of different types of people within the same society is a good thing,” I said.

“What about words that come from tribe such as tribalism?” she asked. I told her I use “ethnicism” instead of “tribalism.” Ethnicism is defined as an ideology focusing on the superiority of one generally narrow ethnic or national group.

Some people use the term “negative ethnicity” but that too cannot be correct because ethnicity cannot be either negative or positive. Ethnicity is simply a form of identity. And every human being adopts at least one if not several identities.

We exchanged telephone numbers and hugged. As I settled in the taxi, my new friend said to me, “Greet your family and tell them you made a friend in Nigeria. I must call you to follow up on this conversation. Because when I explain what we discussed to my fellow teachers in the staffroom on Monday, they will surely want to know whether you are Luo or Kikuyu.”

Alice Wairimu Nderitu is the author of Beyond Ethnicism: Exploring Ethnic and Racial Diversity for Educators and Kenya: Bridging Ethnic Divides, A Commissioner’s Experience on Cohesion and Integration[email protected]

Read Alice Nderitu’s here.

Global leaders of inclusion, human rights and equality to serve on jury of the 2019 Global Pluralism Award

Global leaders of inclusion, human rights and equality to serve on jury of the 2019 Global Pluralism Award

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                                                           

Global leaders of inclusion, human rights and equality to serve on jury of the 2019 Global Pluralism Award

Ottawa, Canada – April 12, 2018 – A jury of international leaders, chaired by the Rt. Hon. Joe Clark, former Canadian Prime Minister, has been named to select the winners of the second Global Pluralism Award. The Award recognizes individuals and organisations who exemplify ‘pluralism in action’. In ground-breaking and creative ways, Award recipients are building societies where diversity is respected and valued. The Award is a program of the Global Centre for Pluralism, a non-profit organization founded by His Highness the Aga Khan in partnership with the Government of Canada dedicated to advancing positive responses to the challenge of living peacefully and productively together in diverse societies.

The independent jury is made up of distinguished experts from the Americas, Europe and the Middle East. Through their work in government, human rights, education, academia and the private sector, jury members have an intimate understanding of the extraordinary effort it takes to build societies where differences are valued and respected.

“I am honoured to chair a jury which so strongly believes in supporting the individuals and organizations promoting the benefits of diversity. Given the divisive times we are living in today, positive examples of pluralism offer hope and inspiration,” said the Rt. Hon. Joe Clark, Chair of the Award jury.

The jury will meet twice in 2019 to select three Global Pluralism Award winners and up to seven honourable mentions. Awards will be presented at a ceremony in Ottawa, Canada in November 2019 at the Global Centre for Pluralism. Winners each receive a prize of $50,000 CAD.

Jury members:

  • The Rt. Hon. Joe Clark, former Prime Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister of Canada, Canada (Chair)
  • Paula Gaviria Betancur, Presidential Advisor on Human Rights, Colombia
  • Siva Kumari, Director General of the International Baccalaureate, USA
  • Tarek Mitri, Director of the Fares Institute on Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon
  • Naheed Nenshi, Mayor of Calgary, Canada
  • Pascale Thumerelle, Founder of Respethica and former Head of Sustainability at Vivendi, France

The Award is accepting nominations until April 30th, 2018 at award.pluralism.ca.

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For more information:
Calina Ellwand,
Global Centre for Pluralism
+1-613-688-0137
[email protected]

Global Pluralism Award Jury

The Rt. Hon. Joe Clark (Canada – Jury Chair) was elected eight times to the House of Commons of Canada, serving as Canada’s youngest Prime Minister (1979-1980) and one of the most distinguished Secretaries of State for External Affairs (Foreign Ministers) in Canadian history (1984-1991), then becoming Minister of Constitutional Affairs. Mr. Clark played a key role in some of the defining accomplishments for pluralism in recent history – the Commonwealth campaign against apartheid, the Ottawa conference which agreed on the “two plus four” formula to unite Germany at the end of the Cold War and the negotiation of the Charlottetown Accord in Canada (a complex Canadian constitutional accord among the federal government, the provinces and territories, and indigenous peoples). Today, as he sits on numerous Boards and Foundations, he applies that experience to promoting democracy and encouraging innovation and practical reforms in the developing world.

Ms. Paula Gaviria Betancur (Colombia) is the Presidential Advisor on Human Rights in Colombia, where she leads the implementation of the Colombian Strategy for the Guarantee of Human Rights 2014-2034. A lawyer by training, she launched and directed, for more than four years, the Victims Unit, a government entity responsible for reparations for eight million victims of the armed conflict. For this work, the World Bank awarded her the José Edgardo Campos 2016 Collaborative Leadership Award. Ms. Betancur contributed to the chapter on victims’ rights in the final Peace Agreement signed between the Government of Colombia and the FARC-EP, which granted a leading role to victims in the implementation of the agreement. Previously, she led initiatives with civil society organizations, such as Fundación Social. She served as head of the Communications Division of the Constitutional Court, as well as private secretary of the Ombudsman. She also directed the National Directorate for the Promotion of Human Rights of the Ombudsman’s Office.

Dr. Siva Kumari (USA) started as the seventh Director General of the International Baccalaureate (IB) in January 2014 and is the first woman to hold the post. Kumari joined the IB in April 2009 as Asia Pacific Regional Director. In May 2010, she was named the first Chief Operating Officer responsible globally for research, university recognition, school improvement and professional development. In this role she also managed the relationship with schools, governments and foundations across the three IB regions: the Americas, Asia Pacific, and Africa, Europe and the Middle East. Prior to joining the IB, Dr. Kumari served a 15-year tenure as the first Associate Provost for K-12 initiatives at Rice University, USA. Reporting directly to the President and the Provost, she oversaw over 80 outreach efforts for the university. She received competitive external National Science Foundation funding, local and national corporate foundation funding, and national and regional awards for her research work in teaching and learning.

Dr. Tarek Mitri (Lebanon) is the Director of the Fares Institute on Public Policy and International Affairs at the American University of Beirut where he oversees the Institute’s efforts to develop policy research in the Arab region. Before that, he was the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General for Libya from 2012 to 2014. From 2005 to 2011, he served in four successive Lebanese governments as Minister of the Environment, Administrative Reform, Culture, Information and acting Minister of Foreign Affairs. Previously, he held various positions in the areas of Christian-Muslim relations, intercultural and interreligious dialogue. He has taught at the Université Saint Joseph, Balamand University, the University of Geneva, Amsterdam Free University, Harvard University and the American University of Beirut. He chairs the Boards of Nicolas Sursock Museum and the Institute of Palestine Studies. He is a member of the Strategic Council of Saint Joseph University and of the Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies. He has authored a number of books and articles on contemporary Arab issues, religion and politics, interreligious and intercultural dialogue.

His Worship Naheed Nenshi (Canada) is currently serving his third term as Calgary’s 36th mayor. Prior to becoming mayor, he was Canada’s first tenured professor in the field of non-profit management at Mount Royal University’s Bissett School of Business and a trusted business advisor to corporate leaders in Canada and the USA. As mayor, Nenshi’s leadership has resulted in many positive changes for Calgary. He has transformed the municipal government to reinforce a culture of citizen-focused improvement and contributed to building more inclusive communities with initiatives such as “Enough for All,” a program to reduce by half the number of Calgarians living in poverty by 2023, “Trans Day of Visibility,” a day to build awareness of the challenges faced by transgender communities in Calgary and a refugee program that welcomes an average of 1,100 refugees per year to the city.

Ms. Pascale Thumerelle (France) is the founder of Respethica, a consulting company which offers guidance to companies and investors committed to social impact combined with long-term value creation. Pascale served as Head of Sustainability at Vivendi, a worldwide content, media and communications group (from 2001 to 2017). In this role, she actively contributed to define the scope of cultural industries and media’s responsibility to society. She notably led an integrated reporting process based on financial and extra-financial information to highlight how investments in culturally-diversified content created value for Vivendi and its stakeholders (artists, employees, local communities, shareholders, institutions, clients). In 2015, Ms. Thumerelle was selected to be part of the Global Diversity List (Top 50 diversity professionals in industry) launched by The Economist. This list recognizes leaders from the public and private sectors who have distinguished themselves worldwide through their commitment to diversity. In 2018, she became a member of the Corporate Social Responsibility Platform set up by the French Prime Minister.

Global Pluralism Award Now Inviting Submissions From Worldwide Leaders of Inclusion and Respect for Diversity

Global Pluralism Award Now Inviting Submissions From Worldwide Leaders of Inclusion and Respect for Diversity

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                                              

Ottawa, Canada, March 6, 2018 – The Global Centre for Pluralism has launched a worldwide call for submissions to the Global Pluralism Award from individuals and organizations that champion respect for diversity. Through their remarkable achievements, Award winners are contributing in innovative and high-impact ways to building societies where diversity is respected and valued. Individuals, businesses, academics, civil society and government bodies from around the world are eligible for the Award. Submissions can be made at award.pluralism.ca until April 30, 2018.

Three Award winners will be selected by an independent, international Jury chaired by the Rt. Hon. Joe Clark, former Prime Minister of Canada. Each recipient will receive $50,000 CAD to further their work. Additional in-kind assistance may be provided, including engagements in each recipient’s country to raise the profile of their achievements. The Award will be presented in 2019 at the international headquarters of the Global Centre for Pluralism in Ottawa, Canada.

“The Award celebrates the often challenging and overlooked work of those tackling problems of exclusion in societies around the world. These inspiring leaders are seeking to change the negative mindsets and narratives that often shape responses to diversity. Their impressive work treats differences as assets rather than liabilities and directly the supports the Global Centre for Pluralism’s vision of a world where differences are valued and diverse societies thrive,” said John McNee, Secretary General of the Global Centre for Pluralism.

In its first edition, the Global Pluralism Award received over 200 submissions from 43 countries. The finalists came from sectors ranging from human rights law to conflict mediation to indigenous rights to technology. By engaging with a wide range of professionals and fields of practice, the Award affirms that the promotion of pluralism is not the sole responsibility of governments or non-profits, but of society as a whole.

The Global Pluralism Award is an initiative of the Global Centre for Pluralism. Founded in Ottawa by His Highness the Aga Khan in partnership with the Government of Canada, the Centre was created to understand the dynamics of pluralism and to advance positive responses to the challenge of living peacefully and productively together in diverse societies.

Nominations and applications for the Award are being accepted at award.pluralism.ca until April 30, 2018.

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MEDIA CONTACT:
Calina Ellwand
Global Centre for Pluralism
[email protected]
+1-613-688-0137

Download the Press release: [English] [Français] [Español] [عربى]

Global Dispatches : Daniel Webb

Global Dispatches: Daniel Webb

Episode 176: Daniel Webb by Mark Goldberg

Since 2013, the government of Australia has enforced a policy of sending any refugee or migrant who arrives who arrives by boat to detention centers in Papua New Guinea or the remote island nation of Nauru. They do so without exception.

Daniel Webb is an Australian lawyer who is fighting that policy.

He is the Director of Legal Advocacy at Australia’s Human Rights Law Center and he represents asylum seekers who are stranded indefinitely in Nauru and in Papua New Guinea.

In 2016 Daniel Webb helped lead a campaign called Let Them Stay, which petitioned the government to allow a few hundred of these asylum seekers who were transported to Australia for medical treatment to remain in the country.

For his work on behalf of these asylum seekers Daniel received the 2017 Global Pluralism Award. The award, “celebrates the extraordinary achievements of organizations, individuals and governments who are tackling the challenge of living peacefully and productively with diversity.”  He was one of three finalists.

The award was conferred by the Global Pluralism Center, which is a partnership between the Government of Canada and the Aga Khan, the religious leader, philanthropist and head of the NGO, the Aga Khan Development Network. The Aga Khan and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada were on hand to present this award at a ceremony in Ottawa in November.  I was in the audience, and after seeing his acceptance speech and learning more about his work I knew I had to get him on the show.

This is a powerful conversation that shines a light on a profoundly unjust and ongoing situation.

“Le pluralisme en action” – Pascale Thumerelle, jury du prix mondial du pluralisme

“Le pluralisme en action” – Pascale Thumerelle, jury du prix mondial du pluralisme

Face à une mondialisation accélérée et des migrations de plus en plus incontrôlables, le pluralisme en action s’impose comme l’un des défis majeurs au même titre que la lutte contre le changement climatique. Il est plus que jamais essentiel d’en comprendre les enjeux.

Ces enjeux sont au coeur de la mission du Centre mondial du pluralisme qui le définit comme « une éthique de respect des différences entre les êtres humains ». Cette organisation indépendante et à but non lucratif, créée par l’Aga Khan en partenariat avec le gouvernement canadien, sert de plateforme pour l’analyse comparative, l’éducation et le dialogue sur les choix et actions menés en faveur du pluralisme dans le monde.

À l’agenda de « la conversation mondiale »

Inscrire le pluralisme à l’agenda de la « conversation mondiale » répond à un besoin urgent : favoriser une culture de l’inclusion pour entraver la course folle de la violence, de l’oppression ou de l’ignorance, engendrée par l’exclusion. Il revient à l’ensemble de la société d’amplifier la résonance du pluralisme fondé sur le respect et l’intégrité de la personne humaine, l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes, les droits des plus vulnérables et ceux des enfants, en particulier.

Encourager le pluralisme en action, c’est l’objectif du Prix mondial du pluralisme dont la première édition a fait l’objet d’une impressionnante cérémonie à Ottawa le 15 novembre dernier.  Les trois lauréats sélectionnés par le jury contribuent, par leur courage et leur détermination, à « la création de sociétés dans lesquelles la diversité humaine est protégée et estimée ». Ainsi Alice Wairimu Nderitu du Kenya, infatigable médiatrice de conflit, a intégré les femmes et les jeunes au processus de paix, portant la conviction qu’un dialogue respectueux d’une multiplicité de voix est la seule manière de garantir une paix durable.

Le Colombien Leyner Palacios Asprilla a remédié à la marginalisation et à la violence historiques subies par les communautés africaines et autochtones de la Colombie exclues jusqu’alors des instances de décision. L’Australien Daniel Webb a permis à des demandeurs d’asile d’échapper à des conditions de détention épouvantables et a su construire un plaidoyer efficace en mobilisant ses concitoyens. Outre les lauréats, sept « mentions d’honneur » ont été distinguées parmi lesquelles ATD Quart Monde France qui, depuis 60 ans, agit pour éradiquer la misère et faire changer le regard porté sur les pauvres.

Un « coup d’avance » pour les entreprises

Cette pratique du pluralisme est une ressource pour tous les acteurs y compris ceux du secteur privé. La diversité des expériences, des profils, des sexes, des nationalités des salariés est une source d’innovation et de richesse pour les entreprises. Il est de leur intérêt de prendre cette dimension en compte dans leur gouvernance et leur création de valeur.

En matière de gouvernance, le Parlement européen et le Conseil ont adopté, en ce sens, la directive du 22 octobre 2014 dont les termes sont clairs : « La diversité des compétences et des points de vue des membres des organes d’administration, de gestion et de surveillance des entreprises […] contribue à une surveillance efficace de la gestion et à une bonne gouvernance de l’entreprise ». Elle permet de « battre en brèche le phénomène de la ‘pensée de groupe’ ». Les grandes entreprises doivent désormais rendre compte de la diversité de leurs instances de décision dans leur communication. La culture de l’inclusion dote les dirigeants des moyens nécessaires à une prise de décision éclairée. Elle fait partie des « coups d’avance » qui permettent de progresser sur l’échiquier de la performance globale.

Au coeur de la création de valeur des organisations et de leurs parties prenantes, la responsabilité sociétale d’entreprise (RSE) offre au pluralisme un vaste rayonnement puisqu’il est inhérent au dialogue que mène l’entreprise avec l’ensemble des acteurs de son écosystème. Le pluralisme en action s’impose afin d’anticiper au mieux les attentes des investisseurs, des salariés, des clients, des fournisseurs, des communautés locales, des autorités publiques des pays où l’entreprise exerce son activité. La RSE y recourt comme une force de différenciation et d’anticipation dans une compétitivité exacerbée.   Elle est déployée notamment par les directions de ressources humaines. S’attacher les meilleures compétences exige en effet une rigoureuse gestion des talents à l’international comme Les Echos l’ont récemment illustré dans un dossier spécial .

En dépit des positions soutenues par le Président Donald Trump qui vient d’annoncer le retrait des Etats-Unis du Pacte mondial des Nations unies sur les migrants et les réfugiés, le pluralisme en action est nécessaire à la préservation de sociétés diversifiées et pacifiées. Il promet de multiples rendez-vous pris par les Etats, les entreprises et les citoyens sur les scènes nationales et internationale.

En savoir plus ici

Leyner Palacios: A la masacre de Bojayá el infierno le queda chiquito

Leyner Palacios: A la masacre de Bojayá el infierno le queda chiquito

Watch here.   “Nosotros vimos personas sin cabeza, sin manos, hubo personas que quedaron totalmente molidas”, dice el activista por la paz Leyner Palacios al hacer un recuento de la masacre de Bojayá pero afirma que “desde el 96, los paramilitares venían asesinando y picando gente”.

Por Camilo Egaña, CNN

Publicado a las 23:32 ET (04:32 GMT) 21 noviembre, 2017

Statement by Members – Congratulations to the laureats of the Global Pluralism Award

Statement by Members – Congratulations to the laureats of the Global Pluralism Award

Mr. Speaker, on November 15, three dynamic individuals from three different continents were the recipients of the first Global Pluralism Award. As well, there were honorary recipients from seven additional countries.  

The award recognizes these exemplary world leaders who have responded creatively to the challenges of diversity. They have shown that difference is not a threat but an opportunity that should be embraced.

The award ceremony was presided by His Highness the Aga Khan and the Right Hon. Beverley McLachlin. The winners were selected by an independent, international jury, chaired by the Right Hon. Joe Clark, former prime minister of Canada. Each recipient is awarded $50,000 to further his or her work in support of pluralism. As the recipients stated, “You have put pluralism on the world stage and given us the momentum to carry out our work.”   I congratulate them all.